Ceres Has a “Salty” Spot
Ceres is the largest object in the asteroid belt between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. This super rock has been the focus of many studies, particularly one bright spot that has risen questions in all those involved with its study. But thanks to the Dawn spacecraft, that bright area has now been further “illuminated.” What was discovered? A “salty” spot.
Taken from the altitude of 239 miles (385 kilometers) the bright spot on Ceres was finally snapped by Dawn. Earlier this week NASA released the high-resolution images at the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference in Texas. The photos were taken within the Occator Crater which expands approximately 57 miles (92 kilometers) across the space rock, showing there is indeed evidence of salt deposits.
Occator’s central pit often forms icy bodies and has shown to also have a dome-shaped peak. Here the salt deposits appear to be spread across this dome, which is lined by crisscrossing fractures that seem to mostly radiate outwards from the center.
According to co-investigator on the Dawn mission from the German Aerospace Centre (DLR) Ralf Jaumann,
“The intricate geometry of the crater interior suggests geologic activity in the recent past, but we will need to complete detailed geologic mapping of the crater in order to test hypotheses for its formation.”
However, there is one mystery still lurking among that crater; why do the salt deposits look so fresh?
When Dawn first arrived at Ceres, it did detect water vapor which lead the team to suspect that fresh material of some sort has been welling up from beneath the surface for quite some time; the crater is believed to have formed 80 million years ago.
This wasn’t a total shock, as scientists already suspected Ceres would contain plenty of water-ice just beneath its surface. To test this, Dawn comes equipped with an instrument called the Gamma Ray and Neutron Detector (GRaND).
According to Astronomy Now;
“When high-energy cosmic rays strike Ceres’s airless, exposed ground, they interact with whatever surface materials are present to release neutrons and gamma rays. The energies of the neutrons and gamma rays depend on what atoms and molecules the cosmic rays are interacting with on and just below the surface down to a depth of about a metre. The different energies act like fingerprints that GRaND can measure and identify.”
This wonder-instrument has also been able to detect that Ceres’ largest stores of water-ice appear to be in its polar regions.
Tom Prettyman of the Planetary Science Institute on Arizona (Principal Investigator on the GRaND instrument) says;
“This ice could have been present on Ceres for billions of years.”
What more fascinating wonders will the Dawn spacecraft reveal about Ceres? Time will only tell. Until then keep your eyes and telescopes aimed towards the night sky.